Wednesday, 7 May 2014

A Parliament Born Of Ice and Fire - Þingvellir National Park, Iceland

The geological history of Þingvellir National Park is forged in the fire of volcanoes and the cooling stresses of glacial immersion, torn by the effects of continental drift.

Þingvellir or Parliament Plains, is the site of Iceland's AlÞing general assembly from Ca. 930 - 1798.

The site at which in 1000, the pagan Law Speaker, Þorgeir Ljosvetninggagooi was given the decision to choose the religion of which all Icelanders should worship. Choosing Christianity, he united a population that had previously been divided by religious belief in which both pagans and christians had set up alternative laws and parliaments refusing to acknowledge each other's laws.

For a detailed history of the site see:

Hrafnagjá fault looking south

Hrafnagjá fault looking north

in the Almannagjá fault

the Sturlunga Saga describes how
the River Oxara was diverted into
the Almannagjá fault

Waterfall in the Almannagjá fault

redwing (Turdus iliacus)

singing white wagtail (Motacilla alba alba)
by the waterfall

two views of the
Almannagjá fault (looking south)

greylag goose (Anser anser)

raven (Corvus corax) with greylag goose egg

River Oxara flowing down to Lake Þingvallavatn

harlequin duck (Histrionicus histrionicus)
on the River Oxara

 displaying ♂♂ harlequin duck

 Almannagjá fault as it meets the northern edge of
Lake Þingvallavatn


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